Friction can be helpful as well as harmful – it works in both ways. For instance, a car skidding down the road when brakes are applied; friction is helping you to stop and stay balanced. In other case, when it comes to engine parts, or machinery used in the industries, too much friction is somewhere wearing away the engine parts. This is where the role of lubricants appears in – substances that fight against friction and allow your machinery parts to slide smoothly against each other.
What is friction?
Friction is typically caused by two irregular surfaces rubbing against each other. When you rub your hands against each other, you will find that your hands are warmer than before. No matter, how smoother it may feel to you, but still the jagged bits of two surfaces are acting against one another which is making it difficult for you to rub your both hands thereby stealing your energy. The same phenomenon applies in case of your machinery parts. The rougher it gets, the more friction there will be and the harder you will have to work to get over it.
How Lubricants Work?
Solids are often resistant to changing their shape, whereas lubricants being liquids, can flow through the machinery components. Let's take ice and water for example – ice usually sits in a lump whereas water can change its shape according to the jar. When you use a grease or oil between two parts of the machinery, liquids usually slide inside and change their shape, providing the flexibility to the two surfaces thereby reducing the friction.
What Kind of Lubricants are Suitable For Industrial Applications?
There are basically three types of lubricants – mineral, synthetic and vegetable. In industrial applications, we mostly come across mineral and synthetic, so I would like to introduce both of these. Mineral oil is typically composed of crude oil and the quality varies depending upon the refining process. There is a grading scale to measure the quality of the oil and different applications need different oil quality. Mineral oil is made up of mainly four types of molecules – paraffin, branched paraffin, aromatic, and naphthene. Paraffinic oils, possess a long, straight chained structure, whereas branched paraffinic oils are generally similar with a branch off the side. These are mainly used in engine oils, industrial lubricants, and processing oils. One of the key benefits of using synthetics is that their molecular size and weights are constant while of mineral oils can vary greatly.
Bijur Delimon lubrication products are designed in a way that they suitably diminish the friction and its related issues out of your machinery – as a result, your machinery will be able to work flawlessly in the long term.