Titanium was first introduced into surgeries within the 1950s after having been utilized in dentistry for a decade prior. it's now the metal of choice for prosthetics, internal fixation, inner body devices, and instrumentation. mostly Titanium plate is employed from head to toe in biomedical implants. One can find titanium in neurosurgery, bone conduction hearing aids, false eye implants, fusion cages, pacemakers, toe implants, and shoulder/elbow/hip/knee replacements along side more . the most reason why titanium is usually utilized in the body is thanks to titanium's biocompatibility and, with surface modifications, bioactive surface. The surface characteristics that affect biocompatibility are surface texture,
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